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Research projects of the professorship

The professorship of International Accounting and Auditing is constantly working on projects in the main research areas. On this page you will find a small overview of the current projects of the doctoral students of the Professorship.

The effectiveness of corporate governance codes in public companies and NPOs

Photo of group of people discussing © bnblegal

In the private sector, the German Corporate Governance Code has been an established instrument for improving the corporate governance of listed companies for many years. This code is characterised by the comply-or-explain principle and can thus be classified as soft law.

For some years now, there have been efforts to adapt corporate governance codes for public companies and non-profit organisations (NPOs) as a voluntary commitment. While the effectiveness of code regulation in the private sector is very well researched, there is hardly any empirical evidence of the effectiveness of the use of corporate governance codes in public companies and NPOs. The framework conditions differ significantly between private companies and public companies and NPOs - especially because the latter usually do not have a capital market as a sanction mechanism in the sense of the comply-or-explain principle. At the same time, the use of corporate governance codes in public companies and NPOs has increased massively in recent years.

The research project therefore initially serves to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of corporate governance codes in these specific areas and, at the same time, identifies application factors that promote or limit effectiveness.

The use of non-GAAP measures in financial reporting

Graphic of a scale © IRWP

So-called non-GAAP measures (also known as alternative performance measures or management performance measures) are company-specific indicators that are not explicitly defined in the relevant accounting standards.  Such measures are regularly the subject of corporate financial reporting. Proponents emphasise the individual presentation of corporate performance, while critics point to an opportunistic presentation of corporate performance.  The motivation for the voluntary publication of non-GAAP measures has not been conclusively researched.

In the recent past, non-GAAP measures have come more into the focus of regulators. In addition to the guidelines published by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA), the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) is also addressing the issue.  Within the scope of the exposure draft "General Presentation and Disclosures" (ED/2019/7), disclosures in the notes in connection with non-GAAP measures or management performance measures as well as the mandatory introduction of subtotals in the profit and loss account become obligatory. The relevant bodies would like to increase the transparency of individual key figures, the comparability of the financial statements and thus the communication of relevant information in its entirety.  

In the course of a current research project, it will be investigated, among other things, to what extent the proposed reforms of the IASB influence the investment decisions of external addressees - with special consideration of non-GAAP measures. Furthermore, it will be investigated to what extent regular financial statement measures (GAAP measures) and non-GAAP measures are processed in the cognitive processes of the addressees.

The EU taxonomy for sustainable business activities

Consideration of environmental information according to the EU taxonomy for an investment-related judgement

Bird's eye view photo of the EU with the inscription "The EU Taxonomy". © Jutta Paulus

In 2018, the EU Commission published the "European Green Deal" action plan on financing sustainable growth in view of the climate agreement and the Sustainable Development Goals. It contains regulatory measures to steer financial flows towards a green and climate-smart economy.

Within the action plan, a new uniform classification system (EU taxonomy) is to be implemented, which is to provide an understanding of "green investments" and will be implemented by large companies for the first time in the 2021 financial year. This means an expansion of transparency and reporting obligations for corresponding companies, so that investors have an adequate basis of information for a sustainable investment. 

The research project will investigate whether and to what extent such additional non-financial information influences private and professional investors in their investment assessment. The aim is to gain insights into disclosure practices and also to analyse the effectiveness of the EU Green Deal regulations so that further practice- and investor-oriented insights for standard setting can follow.

Further information on the EU Taxonomy Regulation can be foundhere.



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Location & approach

The campus of TU Dort­mund University is located close to interstate junction Dort­mund West, where the Sauerlandlinie A 45 (Frankfurt-Dort­mund) crosses the Ruhrschnellweg B 1 / A 40. The best interstate exit to take from A 45 is "Dort­mund-Eichlinghofen" (closer to Campus Süd), and from B 1 / A 40 "Dort­mund-Dorstfeld" (closer to Campus Nord). Signs for the uni­ver­si­ty are located at both exits. Also, there is a new exit before you pass over the B 1-bridge leading into Dort­mund.

To get from Campus North to Campus South by car, there is the connection via Vogelpothsweg/Baroper Straße. We recommend you leave your car on one of the parking lots at Campus North and use the H-Bahn (suspended monorail system), which conveniently connects the two campuses.

TU Dort­mund University has its own train station ("Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät"). From there, suburban trains (S-Bahn) leave for Dort­mund main station ("Dort­mund Hauptbahnhof") and Düsseldorf main station via the "Düsseldorf Airport Train Station" (take S-Bahn number 1, which leaves every 20 or 30 minutes). The uni­ver­si­ty is easily reached from Bochum, Essen, Mülheim an der Ruhr and Duisburg.

You can also take the bus or subway train from Dort­mund city to the uni­ver­si­ty: From Dort­mund main station, you can take any train bound for the Station "Stadtgarten", usually lines U41, U45, U 47 and U49. At "Stadtgarten" you switch trains and get on line U42 towards "Hombruch". Look out for the Station "An der Palmweide". From the bus stop just across the road, busses bound for TU Dort­mund University leave every ten minutes (445, 447 and 462). Another option is to take the subway routes U41, U45, U47 and U49 from Dort­mund main station to the stop "Dort­mund Kampstraße". From there, take U43 or U44 to the stop "Dort­mund Wittener Straße". Switch to bus line 447 and get off at "Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät S".

The H-Bahn is one of the hallmarks of TU Dort­mund University. There are two stations on Campus Nord. One ("Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät S") is directly located at the suburban train stop, which connects the uni­ver­si­ty directly with the city of Dort­mund and the rest of the Ruhr Area. Also from this station, there are connections to the "Technologiepark" and (via Campus Süd) Eichlinghofen. The other station is located at the dining hall at Campus Nord and offers a direct connection to Campus Süd every five minutes.

The AirportExpress is a fast and convenient means of transport from Dortmund Airport (DTM) to Dortmund Central Station, taking you there in little more than 20 minutes. From Dortmund Central Station, you can continue to the university campus by interurban railway (S-Bahn). A larger range of international flight connections is offered at Düsseldorf Airport (DUS), which is about 60 kilometres away and can be directly reached by S-Bahn from the university station.

The facilities of TU Dortmund University are spread over two campuses, the larger Campus North and the smaller Campus South. Additionally, some areas of the university are located in the adjacent "Technologiepark".

Street navigation from and to the TU Dortmund University:

OpenStreetMap Routing Machine

The document and the graphic represent the motorways and federal highways around the TU Dortmund University in a very simplified way:

Environment map (PDF)

Environment map (graphic)

This interactive map helps you find and navigate between facilities and buildings on campus:

Interactive campus map

This document contains a simple campus map in German and English:

Campus map (PDF)